The Circuito do Estoril or Autódromo do Estoril (Estoril Circuit), officially known as Autódromo Fernanda Pires da Silva, is a motorsport race track on the Portuguese Riviera, outside of Lisbon, owned by state-run holding management company Parpública. Its length is 4.182 km (2.599 mi). It was the home of the Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix from 1984 to 1996. The capacity of the motorsport stadium is 45,000. The circuit has FIA Grade 1 license.
Its first years saw many national races, as well as an occasional Formula 2 race. However, the course soon fell into disrepair due to the owning company having been taken over by the state between 1975–78, and a significant redevelopment effort was needed before international motorsport returned in 1984.
Estoril became a popular event on the F1 calendar, the setting for many well-known moments including Niki Lauda winning the 1984 championship, his third and final, from McLaren team mate Alain Prost by just half a point by finishing second to Prost at the 1984 Portuguese Grand Prix; three-time world champion Ayrton Senna's first F1 win in 1985; Nigel Mansell's notorious black flag incident and subsequent collision with Senna in 1989; Riccardo Patrese being launched airborne in a near-backward flip after colliding with Gerhard Berger on the main straight in 1992; and Jacques Villeneuve overtaking Michael Schumacher around the outside of the final turn in 1996.
Estoril was dropped from the F1 calendar for the 1997 season, though it continued to play host to top-level single-seater, sports car and touring car events, including the FIA GT Championship, the DTM and the World Series by Renault. A new redesign of the parabolica turn which saw its length reduced to 4.182 km (2.599 mi) was implemented in 2000 in order to obtain FIM homologation.
On September 3, 2000, the Autódromo do Estoril held its first Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix, an event held annually. On October 23, 2005, the circuit hosted the third round of the first ever A1 Grand Prix racing season, with both races in the event being won by the French team.
In the 1980s, the Rally de Portugal had a special stage at the circuit.
The track hosted Superleague Formula series events in 2008, 2009 and 2010.Courtesy: Wikipedia.
Track Length: 1972-1993 - Grand Prix Circuit - 2.703 miles / 4.350 km 1972-1993 - Short Circuit - 1.660 miles / 2.672 km 1972-1993 - Perimeter Circuit - 1.828 miles / 2.942 km 1994-1999 - Grand Prix Circuit - 2.709 miles / 4.360 km 2000-XXXX - Grand Prix Circuit - 2.599 miles / 4.183 km
In the heart of the Estoril Coast, the Estoril Circuit is located in a high quality tourist area, being this privileged location and the quality of its services, the reason of its great success.
A wide range of cultural, sportive and tourist experiences as well as an extensive choice of more than 20 five-star hotels awaits the visitor to the Estoril Circuit. Furthermore, Lisbon the well known capital of charm and its surroundings with almost 2.500.000 inhabitants is only twenty minutes away by car.
The Lisbon Airport, providing service to the capital of Portugal, is the busiest and most important airport in the country. This is the main point of entry for travellers arriving in Portugal, the airport has done much to promote economic development, not only for the city but also for the Greater Lisbon area. The airport is only 35 Km away from the Estoril Circuit.
The Aerodrome of Cascais, with ample parks of parking, capacity for 300 passengers/hour, makes use of all the conditions to receive international and communitarian traffic assuring a comfortable service and of quality in the operations from embarkment and landing. The Aerodrome is only 12 Km away from the Circuit.